Dyslexia has 44 symptoms. People typically have some, but not all. It is recommended that if a person has 10 or more symptoms, they should be screened and evaluated for dyslexia if they have problems with reading, writing and spelling.
Click the boxes of the symptoms you are observing in your child or yourself. You may print this list when you finish to keep for reference.
Late learning to talk
Inability to rhyme or understand the concept of rhyme
Difficulty pronouncing long words
When young, funny pronunciations for long words (mawn lower for lawn mower,
amiwuz for animals, hangabur for hamburger, callipittar for caterpillar)
When older, still may mispronounce long words
Difficulty learning the alphabet between ages three and six, and older
Difficulty following a series of directions
Unable to master a foreign language
Difficulty finding the right word for objects and having to use the word thing, stuff or "you know”
May have a limited vocabulary
Difficulty writing and spelling their first and last name still in first and second grade
Can’t spell their middle name correctly by third grade or older
Extreme difficulty learning cursive
Great difficulty writing their full address at third grade or older
Difficulty learning and writing phone numbers, zip codes
May spell the same word several different ways within the same paper or paragraph
Does very poorly on weekly spelling and handwriting is extremely poor when writing spelling words. May do well on weekly spelling tests, but will forget the words by next week.
Difficulty learning to read and write sight words. Continues to misspell sight words despite lots of practice.
Handwriting is very poor, holds pencil in a very awkward manner, non-uniform and inadequate spacing between words and letters, letter heights are not correct, tails of letters do not go below the lines. Letters and words do not sit on the lines of the paper but float all over.
Poor inventive spelling. Many missed consonant and vowel sounds.
Frequent letter and number reversals past first grade.
Incorrect, inconsistent application of capitalization and punctuation rules.
Copying from the board is very difficult
Difficulty putting ideas on paper.
In upper grades, cannot take written notes during a lecture.
Difficulty learning the sounds of letters in kindergarten
Difficulty remembering the names and shapes of letters and cannot name the letters quickly
Transposes the order of letters when reading or spelling
Difficulty learning to read
Difficulty hearing the sounds in words and the order of sounds
Omits common, short words when reading out loud
Makes mistakes reading small words, often substituting the wrong word (reading them as the, his as has, etc.)
Stumbles through long words
Reads a word correctly on one page and incorrectly on another
Reads by shape (reading house as home)
Slow, choppy, laborious reading
Ignores suffixes when reading
Cannot sound out unknown words
Cannot sound out words as a study aid for spelling
Difficulty with comprehension; may have to read something two or three times to understand it.
Weak memory for lists, directions or facts
Distracted by visual or auditory stimuli
Downward trend in achievement test scores or school performance over time
Inconsistent school work (in early grades - does better in social studies and science, but struggles with math and language arts)
Relatives may have similar problems
Late establishing a dominant hand
Chronic ear infections
Difficulty naming colors, objects or letters rapidly
Difficulty learning to tell time
Difficulty learning to tie shoes
Extremely messy bedroom, backpack and desk
Dreads going to school; complains of stomach aches and headaches
May develop anxiety towards school and tests
Often gets lost, even in a familiar place
Difficulty learning to read printed sheet music
May develop anxiety, aggression, class clown behavior or withdrawal in order to deal with school demands
It is recommended that if a person has 10 or more symptoms, they should be evaluated for dyslexia if they have problems with reading, writing and spelling.
Aspire Dyslexia Screening Services
If you checked more than 10 symptoms above, give us a call to discuss if a dyslexia screen is right for your family member.
Our dyslexia screen measures grade level:
- Decoding abilities
- Phonological processing.
The screen will indicate if an Orton-Gillingham approach to reading, writing and spelling is appropriate. Our screen provides a report of findings as well as recommendations for what to do next. If your child shows more than 10 dyslexia warning signs based on the symptoms checklist above, they should be screened or evaluated for dyslexia. Give us a call at 515-978-4312 to learn more.