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What Is Dyslexia

 

“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”


Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002. This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). Many state education codes, including New Jersey, Ohio and Utah, have adopted this definition.

 

Dyslexia is a heritable condition that is believed to be linked to three genes.  It is neurobiological, and it is believed to be a different brain organization.  It has been proven that people with dyslexia use areas on the right side of the brain to read, instead of the more efficient left-side.

 

 

Dyslexia causes difficulties with:

  • Accurate and fluent word recognition
  • Spelling
  • Word decoding

 

These difficulties will lead to reduced reading that impedes vocabulary growth, background knowledge and reading comprehension.

 

Dyslexia is often unexpected because it is not related to overall intelligence, and it will occur even with effective classroom instruction.  A child who struggles with reading due to dyslexia typically has many intellectual strengths, and the trouble with reading, writing and spelling is typically a surprise to both the child, the teacher and the parents.  The unexpectedness of the problem will often cause anxiety, fear of school, behavior problems and shame because the child can see they are struggling when most others in the classroom are succeeding.  Many children with dyslexia secretly fear they are dumb.

 

A child with dyslexia, will not progress past a third-to-fifth grade reading level without intervention.  It will be painful for the child to read, and dyslexia will inhibit self-esteem, vocabulary growth and reading comprehension as the child progresses through school.

At its root, dyslexia is considered a phonological impairment.  Researchers know from fMRI studies of children, that a child with dyslexia is not accessing the phonological area on the left side of the brain to read. 

 

People with dyslexia can improve their reading using programs that teach the brain to access the phonological areas on the left-side of the brain.  These programs will improve decoding, word recognition, and spelling. There are 34 Universities that are members of the National Institutes of Health study dyslexia.

 

 


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Note-taking and Dyslexia...why it fails.
March 01 2018
Read our latest blog on why the 504 accommodation for pre-printed notes and study guides is so vital for a student with dyslexia.

ADHD, Dyslexia or Both?
December 14 2017
ADHD and Dyslexia have overlapping symptoms. This article and its links provide information on what each disorder looks like.

We help kids everyday improve their reading and spelling!
November 30 2017
80% of children with IEPs for reading have undiagnosed dyslexia states the American Academy of Pediatrics. Aspire Academy helps children and teens achieve grade level reading. If you have a child who struggles to read chapter books, continually misspells common words, and home work is a struggle..



Recent Blog Posts



Reading Problems and Dyslexia: A Discussion with Aspire Academy and Bluebird Integrative Pediatrics
August 28 2018
The most common reading disorder is dyslexia, but it often goes undetected. Learn if your child's reading struggles could be related to dyslexia.


Providing Notes to Students with Dyslexia
March 01 2018
Students with dyslexia find it almost impossible to take notes during a lecture. Dyslexia is a language-based learning disorder. Dyslexia makes it hard to write and spell, and taking notes during a lecture causes the dyslexic student to make a choice - do I listen and absorb the information, or do


Dyslexia and Reversals? Why Do They Occur?
March 01 2018
Backwards b and d's? Upside down m's and w's? P's and g's giving fits? Learn why people with dyslexia may reverse letters and even all the letters in a word (like was and saw). It has nothing to do with vision.



Customer Comments

"I just heard your ad on the radio today. Heidi helped our son a few years ago, and we are very thankful!! He is almost done with his first semester at the University of Iowa majoring in Biomedical Engineering! The SDS office at Iowa also accepted his dyslexia documentation so he was granted extra time to take exams, leniency on spelling/grammar and a distraction free testing environment. Thank you for all your help!"

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Urbandale father